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Monday, January 15, 2018

North Carolina Woman Claims She's Seen Pterosaurs 3 Times (And Her Family Has Too)

Sordes, a pterosaur from the late Jurassic

Pterosaurs are extinct flying reptiles that lived during the time of the dinosaurs. In recent years, many people who are interested in cryptozoology have been looking into reports of supposed live pterosaurs across the world. The Fayetteville Observer out of North Carolina has a new article up on their website about some supposed sightings near Raleigh.

"RALEIGH -- As a cryptozoologist, Jonathan Whitcomb specializes in creatures that do not plausibly exist -- including mythical beings such as yeti, bigfeet, or -- Whitcomb's specialty -- modern day pterosaurs.
"As a self-described 'modern pterosaur expert,' the Utah-based author is circulating news and running websites that describe encounters with prehistoric, flying reptiles that scientists classify as thoroughly extinct.
"In his collection of pterosaur sightings, Whitcomb counts nine in North Carolina, including one winged beast that appeared in Raleigh only last week.
"'It had a long tail with a diamond-shaped bulb on it,' said Cynthia Lee, 20, who spotted the mysterious thing at a North Raleigh bus stop. 'It was dark brown.
"'It had this weird crest. I drew a picture of it.'
"Dismissed as lunacy by paleontologists and other academics, Whitcomb's work is still finding currency -- at least online. 
"'My associates and I believe that these are non-extinct pterosaurs,' he wrote in his release to The News & Observer, 'what many persons would call 'pterodactyls' or 'flying dinosaurs.'
"Based on fossil evidence, most scientists believe pterosaurs -- commonly (and incorrectly) referred to as flying dinosaurs -- went extinct more than 66 million years ago. Whitcomb, a creationist and evolution denier, describes himself as a scientists despite having no formal background in paleontology.
"Cryptozoology is a pseudoscience intended to prove the existence of mythological creatures and animals otherwise considered extinct. It is considered a pseudoscience because it does not follow the scientific method.
"What are pterosaurs?
"Pterosaurs were flying reptiles of the extinct order Pterosauria. They existed during most of the Mesozoic, from the late Triassic period to the end of the Cretaceous (228 to 66 million years ago). They are the earliest vertebrates known to have evolved powered flight.
 "There is no fossil evidence that any pterosaurs survived past the Cretaceous period.
"At the end of the Cretaceous period, the Cretaceous -- Paleogene extinction event, wiped out all non-avian dinosaurs and most avian dinosaurs as well, and many other animals, and seems to have taken most pterosaurs.
"The term 'flying dinosaur' commonly used to refer to pterosaurs is scientifically inaccurate. The tern 'dinosaur' is restricted to reptiles descended from the last common ancestor of two groups, which excluded pterosaurs. But pterosaurs, like dinosaurs, are more closely related to modern birds than to crocodiles or other living reptiles.
"'Slightly more probably than unicorns'
"While not 'absolutely impossible,' living pterosaurs are highly unlikely, said Matt Cartmill, professor emeritus of evolutionary anthropology at Duke University.
"'I can't believe that if there were living pterosaurs in North America, three centuries of naturalists, explorers, farmers, hunters, trappers and biologists would never have run across a single specimen, living or dead,' Cartmill said. 'What do these big flying animals eat? Where to they roost?'
"'I'd rank it as being slightly more probably than living unicorns in Raleigh and Durham. But only slightly.'
"When asked about the alleged sightings, Lindsay Zanno, assistant research professor and head of paleontology at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Science, had a succinct response: 'Pterosaurs are extinct and have been fro 65 million years.'
"North Carolina 'sightings?'
"Whitcomb says that there have been sightings of pterosaurs in 33 states and Washington, D.C. and that people who saw them emailed him and called him. Whitcomb identifies only one of his witnesses by name. At least one of the 'sightings' was gleaned from an online forum.
"Some of the sightings were allegedly in Raleigh and Durham, Whitcomb said. None of the 'sightings' he describes are supported by any credible photo or other forensic evidence.
"Lee, 20, studying to become a veterinary technician, reported a sighting to Whitcomb and described three sightings since last June in an interview with The News & Observer on Wednesday.
"The first came while she was standing on a bus stop in North Raleigh. Lee said she looked up after something case a huge shadow on the ground. The second sighting came a month later, and though this pair of pterosaur-like creatures did not have crests, they also lacked feathers. Lee began a Google search for pterosaur reports and discovered Whitcomb's site.
"The third sighting came last week following Wednesday's snow. Lee was taking an Uber ride to work when she saw the same crested creature out the window. The driver did not see it.
"'He was driving,' Lee said. 'He said he wished he saw it.'
"Lee also told Whitcomb about a sighting by her family years ago: 'My mother and uncle saw one too while they were playing outside of my grandma's house when they were really little. They told grandma, but she didn't believe it. I thought they were extinct.' 
 "A man was driving on Interstate 540 in Raleigh late in March 2013, when he said he saw a 'HUGE bird looking thing fly across the over-pass I was on, maybe 20-25 feet in front of  my car and about seven or eight feet off the ground.' He reported the encounter on an online forum and titled his experience 'I saw a Pterodactyl up close tonight.' He described it as 'bat-like in a way… (with) a LONG tail with a spade on the end.'

Sketch of a Ropen, a purported extant pterosaur in
Papua New Guinea

"Several commenters on the three suggested that it was likely the man saw a great blue heron -- not a pterosaur. 
 "Two eyewitnesses saw a flying creature, possibly the same species, in 2007 but on the south side of Raleigh, Whitcomb said. One of the two allegedly reported it to Whitcomb and said, 'The tail and the head shape is what stood out the most, and the feet. That's how come I knew it just wasn't a bird. I thought dinosaurs.'
 "In Durham, another eyewitness allegedly saw a 'pterodactyl' in 1993 and years later reported it to Whitcomb, he said: 'huge bat like wings… I estimate the wingspan was like 10 to 15 feet.'
"In 2010, another eyewitness allegedly told Whitcomb, 'I was driving home from dropping a friend off at school. When I was almost home (passed the Food Lion on Commerce Road, going towards County Club Road in Jacksonville), I saw something huge above me in the sky. It looked like a pale greenish white and smooth-skinned. It didn't appear to have any feathers, and it had the tail with the diamond shape on the end.'
"In 2012, Whitcomb said he received an email from a man who, with his cousin, saw something bringing to his mind the word 'dragon.' That encounter was in Ocotber 2009, in Charlotte. The man told Whitcomb: 'It looked like what I had seen in a Jurassic Park movie.'
"Whether these sky-bound shapes are mythic beasts, ancient reptile survivors or great blue herons playing dress-up, they make for lively conversation."

I don't find any credibility in reports of living pterosaurs. Why?

First of all, there is no evidence for them except eyewitness stories. And even though many cryptozoologists would like to believe otherwise, eyewitness stories are not evidence. They're only claims.

Second, pterosaurs are extinct and have been for 65 million years.

Third, Jonathan Whitcomb has no right to call himself an "expert" on "living pterosaurs" (or "non-extinct" ones as he apparently says. Does he not know the word extant?).  How can he be an expert on pterosaurs if he apparently knows nothing about paleontology, and that study is where all of the stuff we know about pterosaurs comes from?

For example…

Most reports of "modern pterosaurs" described creatures with a long tail with a spade shape on the end and a long head crest. Now, there were pterosaurs that had these features. Long tails were more common on Jurassic pterosaurs like the rhamphorynchids (like Sordes at the beginning of the post). The later pterosaurs, Pterodactyloidea, had shorter tails and some had large head crests, like the famous Pteranodon. However there weren't any that had long tails and large head crests like today's supposed pterosaurs like the Ropen.

On another note, the article says that Cryptozoology is the study of mythological creatures and animals considered extinct. More correctly, it should be the study of hidden or unknown animals. Real flesh-and-blood ones, too, not UFO-riding sasquatch or paranormal lake monsters. The paranormal should not apply to cryptozoology. And it is a pseudoscience, even though most cryptozoologists would probably like to argue that too. You can do cryptozoological research while following the scientific method, but many "researchers" and "investigators" today are people with no background in zoology, paleontology, or other sciences and just look for Bigfoot in their free time. Cryptozoologists also commonly make up hypothetical creatures to explain cryptids. That doesn't work either. People's views can also influence stories and what they think cryptids are (which I will discuss in a later post).

To sum things up:

Pterosaurs are not still alive. How would one woman see them three times (and one time the other person with her didn't?) and her family saw them, but most other people don't?

Modern day pterosaur descriptions do not match what scientists know pterosaurs looked like.

Jonathan Whitcomb is not a scientist and not an "expert" on pterosaurs (though he's written a bunch of books on them) because he has no paleontological background. I bet I could tell you more about them from books I read when I was 10.

Be skeptical and use science when investigating cryptids, people. Please.

Crypto-Kid: Nick Redfern & Ben Radford 2-Hour Special

A special episode of Colin Schneider's Crypto-Kid is on tonight at 8 on WCJV Radio. Both Nick Redfern and Ben Radford are on as guests tonight.

"[Tonight] on the Crypto-Kid, I will be joined by two of my favorite researchers and people in general: Nick Redfern and Ben Radford. They will be doing a discussion style debate concerning the nature of the Chupacabra. This has never been done, as far as I know, on radio before. It is also going to be a two hour extended show so we can cover everything."

Be sure to tune in to WCJV Radio tonight and listen live!

Friday, January 12, 2018

The Montauk Monster - Mutant or Raccoon?

 On July 23, 2008, a New York newspaper called The Independent reported on a very strange carcass that had been found at Montauk, on the southeastern shore of Long Island, on July 12th.

Jenna Hewitt and three friends had discovered the carcass. She was quoted as saying "We were looking for a place to sit when we saw some people looking at something… We didn't know what it was… We joked that maybe it was something from Plum Island."

Hewitt took a photo of the remains that was included in the article in The Independent and quickly spread across the Internet. The article joked that Editor Rick Murphy thought "perhaps it was Satan, and the devil's demise meant only good things would happen henceforth." They also lightheartedly suggested that it could be a "giant turtle sans shell" or "an escaped mutant victim of diabolical experiments taken by the sea from Plum Island [Animal Disease Center]."

The article went on to state that Natural Resources Director Larry Penny and Doug Johnson of Bandit Trapping and Pest Control thought the remains could be from a  raccoon with part of its upper jaw missing. The article concluded by saying that it was thought that someone had taken the carcass away.

Others had their own claims about what happened to the remains. Hewitt said that "a guy took it and put it in the woods in his backyard," though she would not say where it was taken, or by whom. Her father denied that she was trying to keep the location of the carcass a secret. Another anonymous source said that the remains were the size of a cat and had decomposed to only a skeleton by the time they got any press attention. She also said nothing about its location.

Jenna Hewitt's photo of the
"Montauk Monster"
On July 29th, 2008, cryptozoologist Loren Coleman posted the photo of the remains on the website Cryptomundo under the headline "Cryptid Washes Ashore at Montauk?" He quoted the website Gawker (that the photo was shared on) that said "This is an actual monster, some sort of rodent-like creature with a dinosaur beak. A tipster says that there is 'a government animal testing facility very close by in Long Island.'"
With cryptozoologist Loren Coleman

Coleman also noted that "Comments like 'That's a turtle, without its shell,' make no sense because of the teeth. Some fossil turtles had teeth, but no modern turtles possess real teeth." It was Coleman who first used the name "Montauk Monster" for the creature in his Cryptomundo article. The name stuck.

Though many people want to think that the Montauk Monster was some sort of government science experiment gone wrong and was covered up, it seems to have a more down-to-earth explanation. Darren Naish studied Hewitt's photo and concluded that the creature was only a raccoon. He showed that the "beak" of the creature was actually only the snout devoid of flesh. He also noted how the long, human-like fingers on the animal's feet were just like a raccoon's. Naish overlaid a sketch of a raccoon over the photo of the carcass to prove that "claims that the limb proportions of the Montauk carcass are unlike those of a raccoon are not correct." In a closeup of the creature's face, he also showed there were several teeth missing from the upper jaw, making it look like a "beak."

Though conspiracy theorists would like to think that the Montauk Monster was a hastily covered-up science experiment of the U.S. government, it is most definitely nothing of the sort.

This post is excerpted from my future book/current project Global Globsters: An Examination of "Sea Monster" Carcasses from Around the World.

My first book, Cryptid U.S., can be bought on Amazon.

On the Trail Of... Champ - Trailer 2

Small Town Monsters has a new trailer up for their upcoming documentary On the Ttail Of... Champ, which takes a look at the lake monster said to live in Lake Champlain in New York and Vermont.

Below is some info about the doc and Small Town Monsters:

"For centuries, tales have been told of a massive, unknown, aquatic creature living in the waters of Lake Champlain. The 'beast' is said to be anywhere from ten to thirty feet long within an abnormally long neck, flippers and a dinosaur-like appearance. Sightings of the animal known as Champ reached their peak during the 1970s but history tells of a bizarre 'water horse' said to reside in the lake ling before the area become inhabited by settlers. Today, Champ is celebrated in local towns and villages along the lake and has even become a mascot for the local minor league baseball team.
"This June, Small Town Monsters (2016's Beast of Whitehall) and filmmaker Aleksandar Petakov will release On the Trail of… Champ; an examination of the legend and the ongoing search for the creature. On the Trail of… Champ is a six-to-eight episode mini-series filmed during the summer and early Fall of 2017. Petakov was on and around Lake Champlain for one of the largest, most well-funded searches for Champ in history and when the project is released on June 15th you'll get to experience this massive search for yourself. What they found might just change your mind about the existence of such a creature.
"'Champ' marks the beginning of the new, ongoing series from Small Town Monsters titled 'On the Trail of…' and will be followed up in 2019 with a massive search across the Eastern United States for the legendary being called Bigfoot. On the Trail of… Champ will premiere on DVD and the VIDI Space streaming platform on June 15th before heading to Amazon in July. VIDI Space ( is a new online network founded by Nick Groff ('Paranormal Lockdown'/'Ghost Adventures'), Elizabeth Saint ('Ghosts of Shepardstown'), and Justin Narragon featuring paranormal and supernatural content. The mini-series will make it's debut under VIDI Space's new Cryptid.Space.
"Small Town Monsters made waves recently when they released Beast of Whitehall, a documentary which examined Whitehall, New York's Bigfoot history. That documentary went on to garner film festival awards and played on New York television during the summer of 2016. Since then, Beast of Whitehall has become one of the most-viewed documentaries on bizarre subjects on Amazon Prime. The production company plans to hold a public premiere of On the Trail of… Champ at the annual Minerva Monster Day festival in Minerva, OH. The Festival will also feature Portland, Maine native, Loren Coleman; curator of the world's only Cryptozoology Museum."

Curious Creatures in Zoology - Coming in June

Coming in June from Dover Publications - a reprint of John Ashton's 1890 book Curious Creatures in Zoology: Illustrated Legends and Myths from Around the World. 

Below is the book description from Amazon:

"Rather than a work of science, this richly illustrated volume offers fare for the imagination with its fascinatingly odd menagerie of creatures both real and imaginary. Victorian author John Ashton assembled historical accounts of everything from centaurs and unicorns to narwhals and wolves by authors such as Pliny, the ancient Roman naturalist, and Edward Topsell, a 17th century English clergyman. These credulous treatments provide abundant amusement for modern readers."

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

"Vermont's Lake Monster"

I recently rediscovered a thing on Champ I had made when I was 11. That was about the time I first heard stories of something strange in Lake Champlain and it fascinated me. Still does, but I doubt now that anything is there…

Click for bigger image...

Some recommended reading and viewing…

"Read: America's Loch Ness Monsters
"Read: Champ: Beyond the Legend 
"Watch: America's Loch Ness Monster (2003)"

Tuesday, January 9, 2018

Mystery Creatures of China - Available Now

Available now - David C. Xu's new book from Coachwhip Publications: Mystery Creatures of China: The Complete Cryptozoological Guide. It looks like a fantastic new study of of China's mystery animals…

Below is the book description from Amazon:

"David C. Xu's Mystery Creatures of China is one of the most exciting additions to the cryptozoological literature in years. For the first time, cryptozoology researchers and enthusiasts will be able to access information about some of the most intriguing mystery animals on the planet. The author has collected sighting reports and historical data from across all of China to bring the English-speaking world new accounts of fascinating encounters with strange and curious beasts.
"Many of these mystery animals have never before been presented in Western cryptozoological books or articles. From lake monsters to man-apes, mystery cats to dinosaur-like beasts, the four-winged bird to the blood-sucking blanket-like xizi, there are a multitude of mysterious creatures to enjoy and analyze. The author as created a doorway into the hidden zoology of China in expectation that others will take up the cause and seriously explore these biological mysteries.
"With over 100 mystery animals listed in 98 sections (categorized into aquatic, humanoid, carnivorous, herbivorous, reptilian, and winged cryptids), this book will amaze, intrigue, and delight anyone interested in cryptozoology and Chinese folklore."

Monday, January 8, 2018

Crypto-Kid: Brian Parsons Tonight

Colin Schneider's Crypto-Kid returns tonight at 8 on WCJV Radio.

"The Crypto-Kid is back for the New Year. Tonight I am joined by my good friend and host of WCJV's Paranormal News Insider Dr. Brian Parsons. Brian and I will discuss the past year in cryptozoology and delve deep into mystery cats of America and how they relate to the possible survival of the Eastern Cougar."

Sunday, January 7, 2018

Crypto-Kid Interview

A few months ago Colin Schneider and I were at Squatchfest at Mohican State Park, OH. Colin was speaking there and was interviewed by the Knox County Bigfoot Organization. He talks about Bigfoot, chupacabras, his radio show and some of the research he is currently doing.

Ohio Bigfoot Conference 2018

The 2018 Ohio Bigfoot Conference is scheduled for May 5th. The event will take place at Salt Fork State Park in southeastern Ohio.

Speakers are:

  • Ken Gerhard, cryptozoologist and author of books such as A Menagerie of Mysterious Beasts

  • Cliff Barackman of Finding Bigfoot

  • James "Bobo" Fay of Finding Bigfoot

  • Tom Yamarone

  • and Bea Mills

  • Master of Ceremonies is Nicole Law 

More on this year's conference can be found on the OBC Website.

This year's lineup of speakers doesn't seem quite on par with what it is normally like at the OBC. However, Barackman and Fay should be interesting and I am very much looking forward to seeing Gerhard.

Saturday, January 6, 2018

"Roch Ness Monster"

In early August 2015, 45-year-old Adele Battersby and her 7-year-old daughter Maiya stumbled upon a scary-looking carcass on the shore of Hollingworth Lake, in Littleborough, Greater Manchester, England.

Battersby said that "It was just lying washed up on the muddy sand half way round Hollingworth Lake. I had no idea anything so big lived in the lake."

She also said: "It was a little scary for my seven-year-old daughter who has enjoyed paddling their previously. She thought it was a large python at first. It thought a baby crocodile."

She also added that "it was like something prehistoric."

Jonny Beckett also saw the remains and took a photo. He said: "I guessed it was about 5 foot or so, it looked huge when looking at it. Very scary thing and yes, awful smell with flies swarming around it."

Another person who saw the remains said: "It looked like some weird ancient monster."

However, none of these witnesses had any reason to be frightened by the "Roch Ness Monster" (as it was dubbed) - it was only a dead pike.

Pic of the Hollingworth Lake fish
by Adele Battersby

This post is excerpted from my future book/current project Global Globsters, which examines reports of lake- and sea monster carcasses from around the world...

Encounters with the Jersey Devil?

In 1909, people all over New Jersey and surrounding states reported terrifying encounters with a very strange cryptid that has come to be known as the Jersey Devil. The first sightings were reported on the night of January 16/17. Before midnight, Thack Cozzens of Woodbury, NJ, was leaving the Woodbury Hotel when he heard a hissing sound and saw "something white fly across the street. I saw two spots of phosphorus, the eyes of the beast. There was a white cloud, like steam escaping from an engine…it moved as fast as an auto."
Sketch of the Jersey Devil from
the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin,
Jan. 1909
Later that night, at 2 AM on Sunday, Jan. 17, John McOwen of Bristol, PA, was awakened by the sound of his crying daughter. When he went to her room, he heard a strange noise coming from outside. He looked out and saw a creature that "looked something like an eagle, and it hopped along the tow-path."

Another Bristol resident, Officer James Sackville, saw the Jersey Devil shortly after McOwen. As he was walking toward Buckley Street, he heard dogs barking and spotted a winged creature that hopped like a bird, "had the creatures of some peculiar animal," and had a "horrible scream." Sackville ran toward the creature and fired at it, as it started to retreat, flying close to the ground until it shot upwards and out of sight.

The postmaster of Bristol, E.W. Minster, saw the Jersey Devil at about the same time as Sackville. He had gotten out of bed around two in the morning, unable to sleep. When he was in the bathroom splashing his face with cold water to cure his insomnia, he heard an "eerie, almost supernatural sound" coming from the creek outside.

He looked out the window and saw an amazing sight: a creature that "appeared to be a large crane, but was emitting a glow like a fire-fly." "Its head resembled that of a ram, with curled horns. It had a long, thin neck that was thrust forward in flight. It had long, thin wings and short legs; the front legs were shorter than the hind. Its cry started high but ended low and hoarse."

The following morning, other Bristol residents found their yards covered in strange hoof-prints.

Throughout the following week in January 1909, hundreds of witnesses reported seeing the Jersey Devil in multiple states. If anything really was seen remains unknown; this could be a perfect case of mass hysteria.


However, in 1977, Jonathan Lackey and his friend Bill saw something that some have likened to the Jersey Devil. They described a creature with a body like a doberman, four thin legs, feathered wings, and a prehensile tail. It also had point ears "like batman." The two watched the creature as it soared away over a hill. It also doesn't sound much like the Jersey Devil; instead, a very good description of a griffin. But was it a real report, of a hoax?
A griffin

This post is excerpted from portions of the Jersey Devil section in my 2015 book Cryptid U.S.: Tales of Bigfoot, Lake Monsters, and More from Across America.  Go to Amazon to check it out!

Friday, January 5, 2018

Cryptomundo - What Happened?

Cryptomundo was, at one time, my favorite cryptozoology website and one of the best out there. But now, as those who visit Cryptomundo will know, it has gone downhill. What happened?
An old logo

I first found Cryptomundo probably around 2012. It was founded in 2005 by Craig Woolheater and in its heyday there were multiple posts on there every day by multiple people (such as Woolheater, Loren Coleman, Ken Gerhard, John Kirk, Karl Shuker, Lyle Blackburn, etc. etc.) and a wealth of cryptozoological topics were discussed. Long posts were devoted to discussions about cryptozoology and there were also real discussions in the comment sections of those posts. Take, for example, this post by Loren Coleman called "Name the Mystery Fish" with 122 comments. While there were lots of posts on new episodes of this and that show as well, and other announcements, Cryptomundo used to have interesting posts. But after Loren Coleman left the site a few years back to only do CryptoZooNews, (which over the past few years hasn't had that many posts, but they are at least discussions on cryptozoology) things seem to have gone downhill.

Now there aren't that many people that post on Cryptomundo, at least not frequently. Now its really only Craig Woolheater posting the "new episode of this tonight" when there is a TV show out, or sharing things from other sites and people and exactly copying whatever they said but in italics. And there is never much to these posts either; they're either obviously fake like this one from Stacy Brown Jr. or this one, which is just a Rocket Mortgage commercial that happens to have Bigfoot walk across the back in one split-second scene. And when all it says is this:

"Megan may have confidence in the courtroom, but when it comes to her mortgage, she's in a hairy situation. Luckily for her, there's Rocket Mortgage by Quicken Loans. It lets you apply simply and understand fully so you can mortgage confidently and get approved in minutes. Find the missing link in  your mortgage by visiting"

…Which has absolutely nothing to do with cryptozoology, which the site is supposed to be about.

And that is basically what Cryptomundo has turned into over the past few years. And there is no longer discussion in the comments, just comments along the lines of "this is stupid and fake, what happened?" The most recent post, the Rocket Mortgage one, did have two comments on it asking "What happened to this site? Anyone remember when Cryptomundo was about cryptids and not insurance commercials?" and now they're both gone, probably removed. And remember when I said Cryptomundo used to have frequent posts? That's gone, too. The most recent (right now) is from December 22nd, and there were only 10 for the whole month of December!

Cryptomundo used to be my favorite site when there were posts that actually discussed what was going on in cryptozoology, cryptid cases, and the like. But now it's just gotten stupid. And if administrators don't want to remove comments like those they removed from the most recent post, maybe actually put up posts that have something to them and are about the topic of the site - "Crypto!"

Thursday, January 4, 2018

Book Review: Lake Monster Mysteries by Ben Radford and Joe Nickell

I recently got Ben Radford and Joe Nickell's 2006 book Lake Monster Mysteries: Investigating the World's Most Elusive Creatures. Some in the cryptozoological community may not like these two since they are skeptics and "don't believe" in the creatures they say are real. But, throughout this book, Radrod and Nickell give good cases for why, in fact, lake monsters are not real, including some very famous ones.

The two authors take a look at lake monsters from throughout the world, such as Nessie, Champ, Ogopogo, the Silver Lake monster, Cressie, Memphrie, and others. They point out that lots of supposed pieces of evidence for several of these creatures do not hold up under scrutiny, especially the Mansi Champ photo from 1977 that many champion as the best evidence for any lake monster. (Radford also had a fascinating discussion on this on a recent episode of Colin Schneider's Crypto-Kid). They also show how "Native American legends" and supposed "old stories" that cryptozoologists say are of lake monsters usually have nothing to do with them at all, and how many known animals can easily be mistaken as unknown creatures.

Those who are die-hard believers in lake monsters will probably not like anything Radford and Nickell put forward in this book. However, I feel that this is an extremely important book and it should be read by all those interested in the subject. It doesn't mean you can't be interested in lake monsters - just look at them from a different light.

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

The Fairy Faith in Celtic Countries

While at Half Price Books today I found a copy of W. Y. Evas-Wentz's book The Fairy Faith in Celtic Countries. The book was originally published in 1911. A cool find!